And God blessed Noah and his sons and said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth.The fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth and upon every bird of the heavens, upon everything that creeps on the ground and all the fish of the sea. Into your hand they are delivered. Every moving thing that lives shall be food for you. And as I gave you the green plants, I give you everything. But you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood. And for your lifeblood I will require a reckoning: from every beast I will require it and from man. From his fellow man I will require a reckoning for the life of man. Genesis 9:1-6 (ESV)
When God made the covenant with Noah when the flood waters had cleared, God had intended for Noah’s descendants to multiply and scatter all over the earth. However, humans, in their disobedience, had other plans. Rather than glorify God and do what He wanted, humans decided to build a monument to themselves and their own power. Instead of spreading out, people decided that they would build a tower and a city.
Now the whole earth had one language and the same words. And as people migrated from the east, they found a plain in the land of Shinar and settled there. And they said to one another, “Come, let us make bricks, and burn them thoroughly.” And they had brick for stone, and bitumen for mortar. Then they said, “Come, let us build ourselves a city and a tower with its top in the heavens, and let us make a name for ourselves, lest we be dispersed over the face of the whole earth.” And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of man had built. And the Lord said, “Behold, they are one people, and they have all one language, and this is only the beginning of what they will do. And nothing that they propose to do will now be impossible for them. Come, let us go down and there confuse their language, so that they may not understand one another’s speech.” So the Lord dispersed them from there over the face of all the earth, and they left off building the city. Therefore its name was called Babel, because there the Lord confused the language of all the earth. And from there the Lord dispersed them over the face of all the earth. Genesis 11:1-9 (ESV)
God did not want all of human society concentrated into one big city with one language and one culture. God wanted people to be diverse, to have variety, to have different languages and customs. There is a saying that, “good fences make good neighbors.” While it is good to acknowledge our common humanity, and to respect each other, as God’s children and as inhabitants of the earth, it is also good that humanity has variety and boundaries. When governance and culture becomes too centralized and too many people are crowded into a limited space, scarcity, famine and diseases take up residence, and infighting and chaos rule. So God intervened so that people would spread out and live in smaller tribes.
When Jesus came to earth, He did not come as a political or military leader, but as the Author of life, the King of creation. He did not come to unite nations, or to bring families together (if anything, as He said, He came to bring division- see Luke 12:51-53.) He comes to judge the living and the dead- those who belong to Him and those who do not.
There is unity among those who have their life in Christ, regardless of biological family connections, regardless of culture, color, language or citizenship in a worldly nation. The appearance of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost illustrates that Jesus came to earth for all of humanity regardless of the earthly boundaries that separate us.
When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place. And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. And divided tongues as of fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance.
Now there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men from every nation under heaven. And at this sound the multitude came together, and they were bewildered, because each one was hearing them speak in his own language. And they were amazed and astonished, saying, “Are not all these who are speaking Galileans? And how is it that we hear, each of us in his own native language? Parthians and Medes and Elamites and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyrene, and visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabians—we hear them telling in our own tongues the mighty works of God.” And all were amazed and perplexed, saying to one another, “What does this mean?” But others mocking said, “They are filled with new wine.”
But Peter, standing with the eleven, lifted up his voice and addressed them: “Men of Judea and all who dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and give ear to my words. For these people are not drunk, as you suppose, since it is only the third hour of the day.
But this is what was uttered through the prophet Joel:
“‘And in the last days it shall be, God declares,
that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh,
and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
and your young men shall see visions,
and your old men shall dream dreams;
even on my male servants and female servants
in those days I will pour out my Spirit, and they shall prophesy.
And I will show wonders in the heavens above
and signs on the earth below,
blood, and fire, and vapor of smoke;
the sun shall be turned to darkness
and the moon to blood,
before the day of the Lord comes, the great and magnificent day. And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.’
“Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a man attested to you by God with mighty works and wonders and signs that God did through him in your midst, as you yourselves know— this Jesus, delivered up according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of lawless men. God raised him up, loosing the pangs of death, because it was not possible for him to be held by it. Acts 2:1-24 (ESV)
Throughout world history – from the building of the Tower of Babel, and God’s scattering of the builders, forward- there have been multitudes of cultures and languages and nations. While we share common heritage with the entire human family, we only have true unity in the Body of Christ. Jesus paid the penalty for the reckoning we deserve in His life blood. No matter our language, or our nationality, or our color, or our culture, life and salvation are gifts to us. By the grace of God, by faith in the atoning sacrifice of Jesus on the cross alone, we have life in His name.